Thursday, September 29, 2016

Do not throw away rice to birds

Do not throw away rice to birds
Why I say so?

 

1. First reason is animals not domesticated (except perhaps cats and dogs-even that I may be wrong) eat raw food or ripened fruits.
 

2. There digestive enzymes are able to deal with grains unlike hours.

3. Birds scatter seeds (not rice) helping the ecosystem.

4. Cooked rice get contaminated with bacteria because of the high content of water.
 

4. One of the nasty one is Bacillus cereus (means coming from cereals)
It causes under 24 hour illnesses (within 2 hours vomiting or food poisoning or after 8 hours infection with diarrhoea).


5. Infectious one was named Cholera cereus decades ago why they gave a respectable name, I am puzzled.
 

6. The toxins are heat resistant and mild heating does not destroy them.
 

7. They form endospores which are also heat resistant.

8. Cooling and reheating encourage spore formation and these spores can contaminate other food items in the fridge/freezer.
 

Rice uncooked can be preserved in dry condition for ages.
 

Cooked rice can be kept only for two hours the most.
 

So eat your rice and do not throw away the rice to rot and then  expects the birds to eat.
Bird do not eat the stale rice but the ant do take them and store.
 

9. You have more ants in your pantry or back garden.
My advice is to cook only the desired amount of rice or if you are lazy buy a rice packet.
 

10. Birds prefer the seeds and better still watch them split the husk before eating.
House sparrows (extinct species) were very clever at that.
Their bills are built for that purpose and for building nests.
If you watch how a parrot takes the bean out of the pods one by one, you will never throw rice at them.
The bottom line is, the stale rice is very unpleasant sight and awful.
Why do want your pantry smelling?


11. Mind you our gecko loves cooked rice (apart from all the insects) and they grow in numbers and are very active at dusk.
 

I hate gecko specially their smelly droppings but not so much the cockroaches. There is a nasty venomous snake that love geckos as food.
Otherwise we can never exterminate them.
You may have t breed the deadly snake (Thel karawala or the Ceylon krait) instead.
 

Below is a American lady’s experience with rice. 
Yes Americans do eat rice.
Reproduction
4 Signs Your Cooked Rice Has Gone Bad

Rice is one of those pantry staples that seems to have an indefinite shelf life. And while this is mostly true with uncooked rice (the exception being brown rice), cooked rice has a limit to how long it will last. You've done the sniff test, but are you still not sure? Maybe you can't remember how long it's been in the fridge? Here's how to make the call on when to toss it.

As for how long cooked rice lasts, it can vary, and it largely depends on how the rice is cooled and stored. But it's generally a good idea to call it quits if you've had it for three to four days.

Most foods offer telltale signs that they've gone bad, but with rice it's not always quite so obvious. You also need to rely on other (less obvious) signs that your rice has gone bad.

1. It's super hard and dry.
This is your visual clue that the cooked rice in your fridge has reached the end of its days. Leftover rice will dry out more each day it sits in the fridge. But once the grains have become super hard, dry, or even crunchy, chances are that it's been in the fridge well over a few days. Rice is best when eaten a few days from when it's cooked. Any more than that and it's safest to just toss it. Maximize the shelf life of cooked rice by storing it in an airtight container.

2. It was left unrefrigerated for too long.
It's best to minimize the time cooked rice is left at room temperature. The moisture-rich environment offers ideal conditions for bacterial growth. And while refrigeration doesn't stop that growth altogether, it certainly slows it down.

Uncooked rice can contain spores of a bacterium known as Bacillus cereus. Even after cooking, these spores can still survive. When the cooked rice isn't handled, cooled, stored, or reheated properly, the bacteria can cause food poisoning.

So, if you left cooked rice sitting at room temperature for more than two hours before stashing it in the fridge, it might be better to cut your losses and toss it in the compost or trash.

3. It's been cooled and reheated multiple times.
It's best to minimize the number of times rice (and most foods, for that matter) are cooled and reheated. This presents an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. A good rule of thumb is to reheat leftover rice no more than once. After that it's safest to toss any additional leftovers.

Instead, if you find yourself with more rice than you can eat in a meal or two, go ahead and freeze the leftovers for another time.

4. It has an unpleasant smell.
If there's an unpleasant smell coming from your rice, it's a clear sign that it's time to toss it immediately. By this time that rice has certainly been in the fridge for more than four days, and it's no longer safe to eat.

Wednesday, September 28, 2016

The Green Thing

 Reproduction

The Green Thing

I wanted to write about good old days and by some stroke of luck this came in today in my email.
It save me writing another.
Even in my twilight years I practice some of them but at a leisurely pace unlike when I was young.

This is a reproduction!

Please consider the environment… do you really need to print this e-mail?

I SAY PRINT IT IF YOU CHOOSE TO SHARE W/ A NON-COMPUTERIZED PERSON!

The Green Thing

Checking out at the store, the young cashier suggested to the older woman that she should bring her own grocery bags because plastic bags weren’t good for the environment.

The woman apologized and explained, “We didn’t have this green thing back in my earlier days.”

The clerk responded, “That’s our problem today. 

Your generation did not care enough to save our environment for future generations.”

She was right — our generation didn’t have the green thing in its day.

Back then, we returned milk bottles, soda bottles and beer bottles to the store. The store sent them back to the plant to be washed and sterilized and refilled, so it could use the same bottles over and over. So they really were recycled. 

But we didn’t have the green thing back in our day.

We walked up stairs, because we didn’t have an escalator in every store and office building. We walked to the grocery store and didn’t climb into a 300-horsepower machine every time we had to go two blocks. 
But she was right. 
We didn’t have the green thing in our day.

Back then, we washed the baby’s diapers because we didn’t have the throw-away kind. 
We dried clothes on a line, not in an energy gobbling machine burning up 220 volts — wind and solar power really did dry our clothes back in our early days. Kids got hand-me-down clothes from their brothers or sisters, not always brand-new clothing. But that young lady is right. We didn’t have the green thing back in our day.

Back then, we had one TV, or radio, in the house — not a TV in every room. And the TV had a small screen the size of a handkerchief (remember them?), not a screen the size of the state of Montana.

In the kitchen, we blended and stirred by hand because we didn’t have electric machines to do everything for us. When we packaged a fragile item to send in the mail, we used wadded up old newspapers to cushion it, not Styrofoam or plastic bubble wrap Back then, we didn’t fire up an engine and burn gasoline just to cut the lawn. 
We used a push mower that ran on human power. We exercised by working so we didn’t need to go to a health club to run on treadmills that operate on electricity. 
But she’s right. 
We didn’t have the green thing back then.

We drank from a fountain when we were thirsty instead of using a cup or a plastic bottle every time we had a drink of water. We refilled writing pens with ink instead of buying a new pen, and we replaced the razor blades in a razor instead of throwing away the whole razor just because the blade got dull. 

But we didn’t have the green thing back then.

Back then, people took the streetcar or a bus, and kids rode their bikes to school or walked instead of turning their moms into a 24-hour taxi service. 
We had one electrical outlet in a room, not an entire bank of sockets to power a dozen appliances. 

And we didn’t need a computerized gadget to receive a signal beamed from satellites 2,000 miles out in space in order to find the nearest pizza joint.

But isn’t it sad the current generation laments how wasteful we old folks were just because we didn’t have the green thing back then?

Please forward this on to another selfish old person who needs a lesson in conservation from a smart young person.

Remember: Don’t make old people mad.

We don’t like being old in the first place, so it doesn’t take much to pi= us off.

Constitution, Dhamma and the Lullaby.

Constitution, Dhamma and the Lullaby.
 
I am sorry for repetition but this has a political impact.
I hate the use of Buddhism as opposed to Dhamma.
Let me make some qualifications.
 

1. Dhamma has no parallels in philosophy, politics or science.
 

2. It is boundless and timeless and permeate all spheres of human mental activity.
 

3. It is not an institution in a religious sense.
 

4. It does not belong to a particular country or race or a constitution.
 

5. It belongs to the human race.
 

6. Having said that it does not disregard existence of the right of other living beings.
 

7. It accept the presence of extraterrestrial beings of higher or lower order to human beings.
 

8. It is a way of life with special attention to mental purity (getting rid of defilements).
 

9. It has a very simple moral code, “Live and Let Live Principle”.
 

10. It has no rigid rules and bylaws.
 

11. Above all it is open to Question or inquiry but not at global sense but at Individual Level.
That is why I say it is not a religion but a simple way of life for every individual with an iota of intelligence.
 

12. It does not exclude mentally weak and that is why it emphasize the “Sardha” or the Devotion or reverence to the exalted one.

If you take all the above qualifications it should be Above of All the World Constitutions and not within a structured articles of intent be that it may be United States or Ceylon.

Constitution in brief, in my opinion is a piece of paper article to govern weak subjects by supposed to be powerful and the elite by coercion or rigidity of laws and bylaws.
 

It took almost 2500 years for the Human Rights Charter to be declared (only on paper but violated left, right and center depending on the declared sovereignty of a state or government).
We cannot do without it.
It is the political will of a set or group or collection of people.
It got to be simple to interpret.
It should have a practical value.
It should have the political will to harness harmony and disengage discrimination.
On all the above grounds it cannot be called a perfect article of faith.
It is a near enough document but since it is not perfect it should be scrutinized, restructured, revised on a regular basis.
 

Dhamma does not need any of the above revisions and that is why it should be kept above all constitutions.
That is my view.
By putting it on paper called constitution won’t have any impact on the state or the corrupt people in service or politics, except as a cosmetic exercise.
What I said above won’t apply to Christianity and Muslim religions since they are invariably bound by power, politics, commerce, money and conspiracies to cover up corruption.
In exalted ones and the ones who are on the path of 

Dhamma are completely detached from power, money and corruptions, conspiracies of all kinds.
 

Dhamma is for the Mind and not for an Institution.
That is why Buddha did not appoint a successor and let the boundless Dhamma takes it own course.
It does not mean Dhamma could survive on its own since there is always room for distortion within and from without.
That is the very reason I have penned down my thoughts and the constitution lobbyist (Lullaby) would find a way to insinuate and lower its status of universality.

Repetition below is a previous piece.

 

Dhamma is boundless and timeless.

It permeates all reams and universes (There is no one world but many worlds).

Four abodes of the enlightenment or the sublime states are;

Metta
Karuna
Muditha (no proper word in English nearest is “Sympathetic Joy”)
Upekka

Way forward is Meditation either;
Samatha Bhavana-Concentration or Focused Attention to the Present
Samatha Bhavana, the development of mental tranquility with concentration, is accompanied by three benefits; it gives happiness in the present life, a favorable rebirth, and the freedom from mental defilements which is a prerequisite for attainment of insight.

Vipassana Bhavana-Insight Meditation
Vipassana bhavana is realization of the three signs of being, anicca, dukkha, and anatta,

My Focus are

Metta Meditation

Moment Meditation or Living in the Present Moment (admittedly very difficult poor memory and attention span)

Memory is redundant in my belief and mere reciting and memorizing Dhamma won’t get one nowhere. It had a historical value passing down the ancient wisdom but in digital age there is abundance of textural messages but very little practice.
That is why I highlight meditation (detached attention) as the only way forward.

One needs a good teacher not BOOKS.

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

All Life Forms be happy!

 All Life Forms be happy!

Mind you Dhamma is for insightful realization (wisdom guide) and not an academic exercise!

Sabbe satva anatta
All life forms (higher or lower reams) are impermanent.

What is Dhamma not;
Greed-Loba
Hate-Dhosa
Deceit-Moha

What is Dhamma is;

No greed-Benevolence
Metta-there is no proper English translation for this Pali word!
Wisdom or Self realization there is no permanent Soul or Self.

Dhamma is boundless and timeless.

It permeates all reams and universes (There is no one world but many worlds).
 

For abodes of the enlightenment ones are

Metta
Karuna
Muditha
(no proper word in English nearest is “Sympathetic Joy”)
Upekka

 
Way forward is Meditation either;
Samatha Bhavana
Samatha bhavana, the development of mental tranquillity with concentration, is accompanied by three benefits; it gives happiness in the present life, a favorable rebirth, and the freedom from mental defilements which is a prerequisite for attainment of insight.
Vipassana Bhavana-Insight Meditation
Vipassana bhavana is realization of the three signs of being, anicca, dukkha, and anatta,


One needs a good teacher not BOOKS.

Read Francis Story (his site) for details

I believe this phrase “sabbe dhamma anatta” is introduced by design by other faiths to discredit Dhamma (meaning non existing Dhamma)

A subtle way of destroying the teaching.

Flowers

Flowers are the most beautiful things in the world, so here, we are offering the most beautiful things in the world to the Buddha.
 And when they fade, it is also a reminder that things of the world also fade – so it’s reminds us of the teaching that
“Whatever is of the nature to arise is also of the nature to change”.

What is changing is impermanent
life is is a state of flux or ever changing!
It does not say it ceases.
There is Sansara with rebirth.
The word reborn is wrong since its connotation is one is born with “repairs”
Merits take one up the reams of life.
Demerits takes one to lower forms



Read the following that I extracted from another site with some reservation.
 

Mind you Dhamma is for realization (wisdom guide) and not an academic exercise!

The Meaning of sabbe dhamma anatta
So what does this phrase mean?

    sabbe – means “All”
    dhamma – means “things” – specifically it means phenomena experienced through your 6 senses
    anatta – means “not Atta” – not Self or not the Atta or not the Atman – not me, not what I am, not my self

In the Pali language, the words “Sabbe dhamma” are synonymous with the word “sabba” which means “All” (which the Buddha himself defined as the 6 sense spheres in the Sabba Sutta).  So “sabbe dhamma” or “sabba” means “all things” or “all phenomena”.

And “sabbe dhamma anatta” does NOT mean “There is no self”.

What it means is, “All phenomena are not Atta (Self)”.  All things (all of the phenomena that you perceive through your 6 senses) are not you.  So this applies to everything within the sensory realms – that’s the limit to which sabbe dhamma anatta applies – this is crucial to understand because it does NOT apply to anything beyond the world of the senses.

THE PLACE OF ANIMALS IN BUDDHISM

 THE PLACE OF ANIMALS IN BUDDHISM
Reproduction
It is worth reproducing in entirety
He was a pioneer in Insight Meditation.
Visit his site.
He has written very little on other subjects.
I love this article, in the sense, the animals are part of this planet and they have the right to exist on their own domain.

They are not gift of god or created by god for the man to PLUNDER, elephants and ants included. 

THE PLACE OF ANIMALS IN BUDDHISM
Anagarika P. Sugatananda (Francis Story)

Vol. VIII, No. 3, 1961

         In an article on evolutionary ethics, Sir John Arthur Thomsom, Regius Professor of Natural History, Aberdeen University, makes the striking observation that 'Animals may not be ethical, but they are often virtuous'.

         If this opinion had been expressed by a Buddhist writer it might have met with skepticism from those who hold 'commonsense' practical views on the nature of animals. Perhaps even more so from those whose religion teaches them to regard man as a special creation, the only being with a 'soul' and therefore the only one capable of noble and disinterested action. Scientific evidence that man differs from animals in quality, but not in essential kind, has not yet broken down the age-old religious idea of man's god-bestowed uniqueness and superiority. It is a view that is both flattering and convenient to homo sapiens, and so will die hard, if it dies at all, in the popular mind. To be quite fair to theistic religious ideas, the anthropocentric bias is quite as strong among people who are pleased to consider themselves rationalists as it is among the religiously orthodox.

         But Prof. Thomson's verdict is that of an unbiased scientific observer and student of behaviour, and most open-minded people would endorse it. Its full implication lies in the distinction between 'ethical' and 'virtuous'.
Ethical conduct is that which follows a code of moral rules and is aware, to some extent of an intelligible principle underlying them.
Virtue, on the other hand, is the source from which spring unpremeditated acts of kindness, self-abnegation and heroism, prompted by love or some other primal and instinctive urge. It is not an ethical sense that makes the female animal defend her young with her life, or a dog remain with its unconscious master in a burning house rather than save itself. When as Prof. Thomson points out animals 'are devoted to their offspring, sympathetic to their kindred, affectionate to their mates, self-subordinating in their community, courageous beyond praise', it is not because they are morally aware or morally trained, but because they have another quality, which can only be called virtue. To be ethical is man's prerogative because it requires a developed reasoning faculty; but since virtue of the kind found in animals takes no account of rewards or punishments it is in a certain sense a higher quality than mere morality. Moral conduct may be based on nothing more than fear of society's criticism or sanctions, or the expectation of reprisals from a punitive god. In morality there may be selfishness; in virtue there is none.

         No one is benefited by having extravagant claims made for him, and what has been said is not intended to deny that for the most part animals are rapacious and cruel. It cannot be otherwise when they live under the inexorable compulsions of the law of survival. But what of man, who has been called the most dangerous and destructive of animals? Would the majority of human beings be much better than animals, if all restraints of fear were removed? Just as there are vast differences between one man and another in nature and conduct, so there are between animals. Anyone who has taken pleasure in feeding monkeys in a wild state will have noticed that there is usually one old male who tyrannizes over the females and their young, greedily snatching more than he needs himself rather than let the weaker members share the dana. But that does not mean that all monkeys are egoistic bullies. A few years ago it was reported from India that a monkey had jumped into a swollen river and saved a human baby from drowning at great peril to its own life. The incident is noteworthy because it concerns a wild animal; such actions by domesticated animals are so frequent that they often pass unnoticed. It suggests a special relationship between animals and those human beings who live at peace with them; perhaps a rudimentary sense of gratitude or even a dim idea of the need for mutual help against the forces of nature. Monkeys are treated with kindness by the Indian villager, and all the higher animals are well able to distinguish between kindness and enmity. But now one wonders sadly whether Hanuman-ji will be able to prevail over the demand for polio vaccine.

         Prof. Thomson has something to say regarding the human-animal relationship also, and it has a special significance for Buddhists. He writes that although there is no warrant for calling animals moral agents, for the reason we have seen, 'a few highly-endowed types, such as dog and horse, which have become man's partners, may have some glimpse of the practical meaning of responsibility', and that there are cases in which possibly 'ideas are beginning to emerge'. That there is the possibility of such ideas being formed in the animal mind, and that they can be encouraged and cultivated, is nothing strange to Buddhist thought.

         Buddhism takes into full account the animal's latent capacity for affection, heroism and self-sacrifice. There is in Buddhism more sense of kinship with the animal world, a more intimate feeling of community with all that lives, than is found in Western religious thought. And this is not a matter of sentiment, but is rooted in the total Buddhist concept of life. It is an essential part of a grand and all-embracing philosophy which neglects no aspect of experience. The Buddhist does not have to ask despairingly, 'Why did God create obnoxious things like cobras, scorpions, tigers and mycobacteriuni tuberculosis?' The kitten on the lap and the possible cobra in the bed are all part of a world which, while it is not the best of all possible worlds, could not be different, since its creator is craving.

        So in the Buddhist texts animals are always treated with great sympathy and under standing. Some animals, such as the elephant, the horse and the Naga, the noble serpent, are used as personifications of great qualities, and the Buddha Himself is Sakya Siha, the Lion of the Sakyas. His Teaching is the Lion's roar,* confounding the upholders of false views.

        The stories of animals in the canonical texts and commentaries are sometimes very faithful to the nature of the beasts they deal with. Thus the noble horse Kanthaka** pined away and died when its master renounced the world to attain Buddhahood. That story has the ring of historical truth. In a later episode an elephant, Parileyyaka*** and an intelligent monkey were the Enlightened One's companions when He retired to the forest to get away from quarrelling Bhikkhus. (Here one is reminded of Walt Whitman: 'Sometimes I think that I could live with animals... ) Then there was the case of the elephant Dhanapala,**** which suffered from homesickness in captivity and refused food for love of its mother. The Buddha immortalized it in the stanza:

Dhanapalako nama kunjaro

Katukappadhebano dunnivarayo

Baddho kabalan na bhunjati.

Sumarati nagavanassa kunjaro.

Dhammapada, verse 324.

         Also from the Dhammapada Commentary is the tale of Ghosaka,***** the child who was laid on the ground to be trampled on successively by elephants and draught-oxen, but was saved by the compassionate beasts walking round instead of over him. The suckling of this child by a she-goat is reminiscent of other stories, such as that of Romulus and Remus, suckled by a wolf, and Orson, by a bear. These may or may not be legendary, but there have been well-attested cases in recent times of human children being nurtured and raised by animals.

        * Majjhima Nikaya, Mulapannasa Pali, 2. Sihanada-vagga, 2. Mahasihanada Sutta, p. 100, 6th Syn. Edn.

         ** Dhammapada-Atthakatha Book. II, page 128, 6th Syn. Edn.

        *** Dhammapada Atthakatha, Book 1, page 321, 6th Syn. Edn.

        **** Dhammapada-Atthakatha, Book II, page 314, 6th Syn. Ldn. Meaning of the verse: (The elephant named Dhanapalaka, which is in rut and is hard to control, being in captivity eats no morsel, but longs for the elephant-forest.)

        ***** Buddhist Legends Part 1, Burlingame, p. 256.

         The good qualities of animals is the subject of several Jataka stories, the best known being that of the hare in the moon (Sasa Jataka)* and the story of the heroic monkey-leader who saved his tribe by making his own body part of a bridge for them across the Ganges (Mahakapi** Jataka). Less well-known stories of the same kind are the Chaddanta Jataka,*** in which the Bodhisatta appears as a six tusked elephant, Saccamkira****Jataka, which contrasts the gratitude shown by a snake, a rat, a parrot which the ingratitude of a prince, and the curious tale of the Mahasuka***** Jataka, where a parrot out of gratitude to the tree that sheltered it refuses to leave the tree when Sakka causes it to wither. There is even an elephantine version of Androcles and the lion in the Alina Citta****** Jataka, where a tusker gives itself and its offspring in service to some carpenters out of gratitude for the removal of a thorn from its foot.

        * Jataka Atthakatha, Book III., page 48, 6th Syn. Edn.

        **Jataka Atthakatha, Book III., page 349, 6th Syn. Edn

        *** Jataka Atthakatha, Book V, page 37, 6th Syn. Edn. Six-tusked here means "Six-worer tusked'

        **** Jataka Atthakatha, Book 1, page 341, 6th Syn. Edn.

         ***** Jataka Pali, page 72, 6th Syn. Edn.

         ****** Jataka Pali , page 37, 6th Syn. Edn.

         Whether we choose to take these last examples literally, as events that occurred in previous would-cycles when animals had more human characteristics than now, or as folk-tales of the Pancatantra type, is immaterial. Their function is to teach moral lessons by allegory, but they are also important as illustrating the position that animals occupy side by side with men in the Buddhist world-view. By and large the Jatakas do not exalt animals unduly, for every tale of animal gratitude or affection can be balanced by another showing less worthy traits which animals and men have in common. There is at least one, however, which satirises a peculiarly human characteristic, hypocrisy. In the Vaka Jataka,* a wolf, having no food decides to observe the Uposatha fast. But on seeing a goat the pious wolf decides to keep the fast on some other occasion. If the story were not intended to be satirical it would be an injustice to wolves. Whatever other vices it may have, no animal degrades itself with sham piety, either to impress its fellows or to make spiritual capital out of an involuntary deprivation.

         Buddhism shows that both animals and human beings are the products of Ignorance conjoined with Craving, and that the differences between them are the consequences of past Kamma. In this sense, though not in any other, 'all life is one'. It is one in its origin, Ignorance-craving, and in its subjection to the universal law of causality. But every being's Kamma is separate and individual. So long as a man refuses to become submerged in the herd, so long as he resists the pressure that is constantly brought to bear upon him to make him share the mass mind and take on the identity of mass activities, he is the master of his own destiny. Whatever the Kamma of others around him may be, he need have no share in it. His Kamma is his own, distinct and individual. In this sense all life is not one, but each life is a unique current of causal determinants, from lowest to highest in the scale. The special position of the human being rests on the fact that he alone can consciously direct his own personal current of Kamma to a higher or lower destiny. All beings are their own creators; man is also his own judge and executioner. He is also his own saviour.

         Then what of the animal? Since animals are devoid of moral sense, argues the rationalist, how can they be agents of Kamma? How can they raise themselves from their low status and regain human birth?

         The answer is that Buddhism views life against the background of infinity. Samsara is without beginning, and there has never been a time when the round of rebirths did not exist. Consequently, the Kammic history of every living being extends into the infinite past, and each has an unexpected potential of Kamma, good and bad. When a human being dies, the nature of the succeeding life-continuum is determined by the morally wholesome or unwholesome mental impulse that arises in his last conscious moment,** that which follows it being his Patisandhi-vinnana, or rebirth-linking consciousness. But where no such good or bad thought-moment arises the rebirth-linking consciousness is determined by some unexpended Kamma*** from a previous existence. Animals, being without moral discrimination, are more of less passive sufferers of the results of past bad Kamma, as are morally irresponsible human beings, such as congenital idiots and imbeciles. But the fact that the animal has been unable to originate any fresh good Kamma does not exclude it from rebirth on a higher level. When the results of the Kamma which caused the animal birth are exhausted some unexpended good Kamma from a previous state of existence will have an opportunity to take over, and in this way the life-continuum is raised to the human level again.

         How this comes about can be understood only when the mind is divested of all belief in a transmigrating 'soul'. So long as there is any clinging, however disguised or unconscious, to the idea of a persisting self-entity the true nature of the rebirth process cannot be grasped. It is for this reason that many people, although they maintain that 'all life is one', fail to understand or accept the Buddhist truth that life currents oscillate between the human, the animal and many other forms. However comforting it may be to believe that beings can only ascend the spiritual ladder, and that there is no retributive fall for those who fail to make the grade, that is not the teaching of the Buddha.

         It is now necessary to introduce a qualification to the statement that the higher rebirth of animals must depend upon unexpended good Kamma. Within the limitation we have noted it is certainly possible for animals to originate good Kamma, notwithstanding their lack of moral sense. As Prof. Thomson suggests, contact with human beings can encourage and develop those qualities which we recognize as virtue in the higher animals, and even bring about in them a dawning consciousness of moral values. When the compulsions of the law of are removed, as in the case of animals which show examples of those endearing, and even noble qualities in animals which have some times put human beings to shame, and have even caused non-Buddhists to ask them selves uneasily whether man really is a special creation of God, and the only being worthy of salvation.

        * Jataka Pali, page 91, 6th Syn. Edn.

         ** This kamma is known as Acinnaka-kamma.

         *** This kamma is called aparapariyaya-vedaniya-kamma. (Kamma ripening in future births).

Finding a Tortoise (not Nemo)

Finding a Tortoise (not Nemo)

A Reproduction
Finding a Book on Turtles / Tortoises
Turtles / Tortoises are now classified in the same species category.

I used to feed tortoises daily.
They were in plenty in Kandy Lake.
One day bystander told me not to do that.
Why?
If you do that the our Kassipu /Toddy / Illicit drinkers will take them and eat them was the answer.


His prediction was right in 1973 when food was scarce and children were dying of hunger our population of tortoises vanished.
 

This the Buddhist heritage city and that was how we practised Metta to all animals.
 

Other reason probably was the pollution of its water.
All the cesspits were opened to it with the waste water.

Then they (once the species was exterminated/genocide) pass a law stating it is a protected species.
We are good at closing the stable door once the horse has bolted.
We no longer practice Buddhist virtues.
Animal are food material and then they started catching dogs and cats for food during Perehara festival.

 
Vanishing species is not FOOD for THOUGHT anymore.
 

Below is a reproduction from elsewhere for your perusal.
Conservationists have declared 2011 the Year of the Turtle in an effort to raise public awareness of the precarious state of turtle populations around the world. 

Nearly half of all living turtle species are considered to be threatened with extinction. 
Of the well-known animal groups, turtles are disappearing the fastest.
We are in the midst of a worldwide decline in biodiversity. 

A staggering 12 percent of birds, 25 percent of mammals and 30 percent of amphibians are threatened with extinction.
Sadly, turtles offer no exception to this trend towards species loss. 
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), an organization that maintains a comprehensive list of the status of the world’s species, categorizes 47 percent of all living turtle species as Threatened.
Turtles first appeared in the fossil record more than 200 million years ago during the Triassic Period. Since that time, they have changed little and today’s turtles bear much resemblance to their ancestors. Despite their long evolutionary history, turtles are now in danger of disappearing due to a variety of threats including habitat loss, over exploitation, pet trade, hunting for use in traditional medicine, by catch, invasive species, disease and climate change.
Many of the threats facing turtles are derived from human activities. Conservationists look to this fact with optimism—if man can create these threats, we can also reduced or eliminate them. They suggest a number of actions that can help ensure a more secure future for turtles. These actions include protecting rare turtle species and the habitats on which they rely, looking after common turtle species to ensure their populations remain healthy and managing crisis situations such as saving critically endangered turtle species and responding to emergencies such as oil spills.

Monday, September 26, 2016

Majestic Elephants

Reproduction
Majestic Elephants
 

This is a country run with Mega Mania Memorabilia (3 Ms) but unable to look after our majestic elephants.

Three years ago one of the tuskers was dead due to negligence and dehydration after a so called majestic pageant that paraded the hill country.

Then recently a giant tusker was dead in captivity and the popular story circulating round is he was let to die to get the tusks for ornamentation in high office.

Then comes the floods in the East.

A young dead elephant is trapped in a tree.

First of a kind of news item and quite relevant in context.

That tells the sorry story of our majestic heritage and how we care.

It is an eye opener for the world if not for this blessed country.

We had 90% forest cover at the beginning of the last century and had over 60,000 elephants.

By mid last century the estimate was 6000 in the wild.

I do not believe we will have 600 left in the wild now and the the forest cover is less that 20% not enough to sustain vegetation let alone elephants.

We are going to commission two mega coal power units in the near future. The forest cover will be reduced to 10% within a decade of their operation due to acid rain and the environmentalist are hiding behind the saffron clothed M.P.s.

Very soon we won’t have a place in the jungle to meditate in quiet solitude.

Mega mania development will sacrifice the rest of the trees in the name of development efforts. Very soon we have to import coconut timber with coconuts on top.

Last tsunami a few people survived by climbing on top of coconut trees.

We have mega floods after 53 years in the East and there are no coconut (palms) trees grown for 6 years after the tsunami to climb onto.

But we have election after election to elect representative who ruin this country.

Mega Mania Memorabilia at its best!

The carnival goes on!



Sunday, September 25, 2016

What has happened to our (Short Eats) Food Industry?

What has happened to our (Short Eats) Food Industry? 
With lot of tourist coming to Ceylon, they love our delicacies food and this piece is current and relevant.

Yesterday I found a foreign tourist looking for Kassipu.
 

I do not think he will come back.

It is afflicted by the "Seven Deadly Diseases"  mentioned by the “Quality Guru”, W. Edwards Deming.
 

Let me be brief about his impact on industry and the service sector.
His power of non judgemental analysis and the statistical prowess in doing so made him famous in Japan.
He laid the foundation for post war recovery of Japan and its rise as an industrial country.
 

He was ignored by the Americans till late eighties and he was honoured after his death. 

This piece is about our retail food outlets, especially in Kandy not about any industry.

It is a waste of time talking about Colombo food habits.
 

Kandy food vendors were known for good quality food except of course during Sirimavo’s time.

It was good until latter few years of Mahinda regime when it started coming down.


Let me give few examples.


1. “Parrippu Wade” was of good size and one would fill your tommy.
 

2. “Umbalakada Wade” was fabulous even during war time.
There was a big sized Umbalakada (Maldive Fish).
 

3. Egg roll had a full egg.
 

4. Sandwich had enough cheese and butter.
 

5. Banana cake was fabulous.
 

6. Tea was of good quality.
 

7. Coffee was excellent.
 

8. Pol Sambol had Umbalakada and real chillies.
 

9. Thala Guli had real Thala (Gingerly Seed).
 

10. Kithul Hakuru and treacle were out of heaven.
 

I have stopped drinking OUR liqueur in mid nineteen eighties, when I realized all were adulterated including toddy.

I have to refrain from talking about milk rice, Aggala Kavums and few more items.


Home made stuff became commercial entities and I stopped eating them.
 

What happened towards the end of the regime,

I will give an indication.
 

The wade started becoming smaller and flatter.

“Suduru” disappeared.
 

Umbalakada became lean.
 

Egg became half and later quarter and still later tiny bit smashed in.
 

No spices at all but a rotten piece of chili without (only the covering) seeds.

Then we got rid of the regime and for about six months the food quality went up marvellously.

 
Then with the Coalition government well established, the rot and the food quality started going down.


I think this is a deliberate ploy spearheaded by Mahinda Golays and Balayas, within the regime.

 
My latest grouse is, I bring some cooked fish for my dog.
The portion has become very small and there is hardly any meat but bones (I remove them thinking my blind dog will choke).


He is just close by me and I haven't got any to give.
 

Kiri Hodda is dilute and no spices except lot of Karapincha.
 

I think we should start burning Karapincha with a bit of chillies to get the devil out of the current flamboyant system.

W. Edwards Deming
The "Seven Deadly Diseases" include:
    1. Lack of constancy of purpose
    2. Emphasis on short-term profits
    3. Evaluation by performance, merit rating, or annual review of performance
    4. Mobility of management
    5. Running a company on visible figures alone
    6. Excessive medical costs
    7. Excessive costs of warranty, fueled by lawyers who work for contingency fees

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Making Sense with CO2

Making Sense with CO2

I wanted to make the title of this  “Zeroing with CO2”  as my own simple attempt to contribute to Zeroing with CO2 but it makes very little sense scientifically.

The alternative title was to make 20 or more statements on beauty of nature. 

That itself is a daunting task.

Could I make 10 for CO2 to begin with.

Let us see.

Let me try the Zero CO2 emission.

1. I have to kick the bucket immediately, so I want breath out CO2.

But my dead body will rot at burial site or if cremated by my immediate family producing enough CO2 in the process and many other ozone depleting products.

Even at my death there is no zeroing.

2. If I do not travel by motor vehicle (I boycott Colombo as a way of zeroing on CO2 and only visit there if there is a desperate need. Last time when I visited Colombo, the long one and half hour delay at Kaleniya bridge contributed more to CO2 emission.

I told the driver to switch off the engine have a nap on the wheel.

I abandon my car and  walk only, still I am not zeroing.

3. If I do not procreate (I have to try it, in the next birth, better still not have another life) but I have not kept that promise.

4. I cannot resist burning all the paper and plastic since there is no recycling machinery in this Buddhist city called Kandy.

That produce more unwanted products both solid and vapour.

5. Worst even in my sleep and dream state I produce CO2.

This zeroing of CO2 is an insult to science in particular and even worse than a political statements of Mahinda Chinthanya converts.

They play a lip service but trade more and more CO2 with more coal power installed.

In any case Mahinda Chinthanaya was never a scientific endeavor.

I give up and announce lost in the battle of CO2 after 5 statements, unlike a politician, my tongue does not bend to adversary.

This CO2 scenario is bunkum and purely hypothetical.

But on a second thought, my water garden does a better job mopping off CO2, the algae problem, I am trying to stop is winning by a big margin but taking CO2 in.

I give up.

Let me try the nature statements.

Friday, September 23, 2016

Keeping Pet Fish-02

 Keeping Pet Fish-02
1. I said do not put your finger into the fish tank.
Why?
Our hands are the dirtiest possible (as far as the fish is considered).
Fish does not have an advanced immune system.
They do not have neutrophils to kill bacteria.
If there are leftover food and if we introduce our nasty pathogenic bacteria into the fish tank, the fish are dead within 24 to 48 hours.
 

2. You should not touch the food with fingers especially to grind them to tiny pieces (to feed young fish). Every time you do that one adds a unhealthy dose of bacteria to the food. Use a tiny spoon and put some silica gel into the fish food container. 

3. Buy only good quality food and in small quantities, perhaps to last two to three weeks. Do not buy them in bulk. Cheap food are always contaminated and processed badly.
Check to see whether the food has not gone stale, every time you feed.
 

4. Have lot of water plants including floating plants with roots. The fish would eat the leaves and the plants support a lot of infusoria (one cannot see with the naked eye) as they grow.

Infusoria

These are very small organisms that are ideal for feeding newly hatched egg laying species. 


5. Leave fish without food for at least one day in 7-10 day period.
Why?
Fish store part of their fats as brown fat (that have high energy content) in their tissues for use during long periods of starvation. This fat is not used when the fish is well fed (like gold fish who become bloated and ugly).
Brown fat is especially abundant in newborns and in hibernating mammals. It is also present and metabolically active in adult humans, but its prevalence decreases as humans age.
Its primary function is thermoregulation.


Brown fat produces heat by non-shivering thermogenesis.
6. Healthy fish can last two weeks without food if they have sufficient amount of brown fat. Unfortunately not all of your fish will have adequate stores to last your vacation.
 

7. When changing water one must make sure there is no chlorine in water.
The chlorine will kill your fish within 20 minutes.
One must leave water for at least three days for the chlorine to escape.
My recommendation is minimum of 10 days.
How do you do that.
 

8. Have a separate water tank which can hold three times your requirement for one change.
 

9. When changing water each tank should have separate tubing (do not interchange) to tug into the main pipe that comes from your storage tank. 

10. Do not use soap or detergent to clean hands or utilities. 


Detergent affects the gills of fish and their breathing.
Detergents can have poisonous effects in all types of aquatic life if they are present in sufficient quantities, and this includes the biodegradable detergents. 

All detergents destroy the external mucus layers that protect the fish from bacteria and parasites; plus they can cause severe damage to the gills. 
Most fish will die when detergent concentrations approach 15 parts per million. Detergent concentrations as low as 5 ppm will kill fish eggs. 

Surfactant detergents are implicated in decreasing the breeding ability of aquatic organisms.

How we kill our fresh water fish?

How we kill our fresh water fish?
We dump or divert detergents into the rivers or the Kandy Lake!

But mosquito larvae somehow survive.
 How I do not know.

Detergent affects the gills of the fish and their breathing.
 

Detergents can have poisonous effects in all types of aquatic life if they are present in sufficient quantities, and this includes the biodegradable detergents. All detergents destroy the external mucus layers that protect the fish from bacteria and parasites; plus they can cause severe damage to the gills. 

Most fish will die when detergent concentrations approach 15 parts per million. Detergent concentrations as low as 5 ppm will kill fish eggs. Surfactant detergents are implicated in decreasing the breeding ability of aquatic organisms.

Thursday, September 22, 2016

Are you willing or unwilling partners in Conspiracy?

Are you willing or  unwilling partners in Conspiracy?
 

I think we all are due to many reasons.

My book on “Conspiracies in Religion, Politics and Science” was written with that in mind.


When I write a book, I prefer the digital version (it saves trees) since it is going to outlast my life.


This book was an exception, I deliberately avoided the digital version.
I want it to be somewhere (unlike my other books) in a library, school or "parts of it reproduced", even on newsstand or pass the book from hand to hand.
 

I have only scratched the surface.
 

Idea is for it to used to base more elaborate studies.
 

If not the rot we had been in will continue for another century.
 
Initial idea was to expose the medical profession and how drug companies conspire to hoodwink initially doctors and later through doctors the worldwide masses.
Late Professor Senaka Bibile’s death was the beginning.
Upali Wijewardane’s death may be another (I am not sure), the chocolate industry.


For the  40 years we have not produced any outstanding personalities in this country.
Why?
There is illegal organ transplantation (I have not discussed this in my book) and illegal drug trafficking are the issues I have deliberately ignored in this book.
Those are two areas nobody will venture to write a book.


But when I realized that conspiracy is universal, even in rocket science (in science, religion and politics) and in human genes, I feel my effort was worthwhile. 


That was not the original intention.
 

I want the malpractices in medical field exposed.
I can now say “we are not alone" (medical guys), the phrase that is used to indicate the existence of alien life.

 
The next question that comes to my mind, are the aliens conspire or the aliens learned it from us, especially USA.

Keeping Pet Fish-01

Keeping Pet Fish

I will list few of my priorities.
1. No kids under 12 at home.
 

2. It is one man job and no delegation unless absolutely necessary (on holiday or on a meditation course).
 

3. Minimum intervention, that you never but your finger to see whether water is too warm.
 

4. No smoking!
 

5. No cats or dogs (one item is enough, why you make your house a zoo).
 

6. One should have several simple thermometers in your household.
Find the coolest room not freezing dungeon!
Fish can tolerate cool weather better than very warm summers.
 

7. Adequate light either natural or artificial.
No point keeping them in a dark corner.
How can you see their beautiful colours?
 

8. No artificial chemical sprayers at all, including personal perfumes.

9. Adequate ventilation to the room and a minimum of one air pump (compressor) and a spare in case the working one goes bust in the night.
 

10. If you do not have 5 minutes in the morning and 
10 minutes in the evening to spare, please do not think of starting this exotic hobby.
 

When I was in the United Kingdom (we did not have all the fancy stuff coming from China now in Ceylon then), I bought all the stuff except a glass tank and never started this hobby while there.
 

No sooner I was back in Ceylon, I was in full swing.
 

One thing good about British stuff was they would last 10 years (unlike the Chinese stuff) solid no leaking, no electric shocks and basically no complaints (this 1980s).
 

Good solid equipments and a firm stand to place the heavy tank is of utmost importance.

Now I will tell you why the above priorities.

No fish should die under my care except for old age and born invalid.
I have kept a gold (I called it the Clown Fish) without air bladder and several blind ones (one left currently).
My best advice is do not start, if you love your freedom.
Children lose interest within six weeks.
Just do not blame them that is there simple nature.
Do not make your kid to do the dirty work.
Let them be free too.

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

MultiSystem Boot CD-Update

MultiSystem Boot CD
Update
I have written a lot about MultiSystem CD.
It can be used in Windows but I am not going to waste time.
In Linux one can extract the SH file obtained from sourceforge, install it and run with ROOT permission.
It cannot be used as an ordinary user.

If you want to avoid root permission easiest way is to download version 9 from sourceforge, write the image into a CD (make sure it is 700 MiB), (why waste a DVD) and boot up.
It has Gparted too.
One must download all the images (ideally in the hard disk or even an external hard disk) beforehand.
NeBootIn let you download from the sight but it takes lot of time.
It is better test the isos by writing on CD/DVD. 

What I do is install it on a FLASH Drive First using the CD. (ms.its.precise r9) or even an external hard disk and boot it on RAM and start adding one image after another to the Graphic Till or Cage.
No terminal!
Suse, Fedora and the new Debian (early 8 version supports live DVDs) do not support it.
Not to bother it tells you if it cannot make a live script.
If any of the distributions does not boot for any reason, what you have to do is to mount the flash drive on a Linux session and delete the live folder.
The name of the distribution remains in the Grub File but do not click the deleted one since the Flash drive or Hard disk hangs out looking for for the script.
If that happens wait a few seconds and PRESS the off button. If you do not wait for few seconds it might burn your RAM.
I did all this with on an old 32 bit IBM for three hours with only 1 GiB RAM, while doing (other) multi-tasks, nothing untoward happened.
That is the beauty of Linux. 
Ten or more distributions in a Flash Drive is handy!
 The mounting partition has to be FAT.
This was done on Debian 8.0.0

Live Linux CD (below 700MiB)

Live Linux CDs.
There isn't a single bootable functional Linux CD except MX-14.4 available currently.
Linux was known to run on 4 to 8 MiB graphic cards.
Linux was suppose to use limited resources.
It is getting bulky (most of the utilities are never used).
I use Peppermint and it is low on utilities.
Only other Linux distribution may be Absolute Linux.
Arch Linux may have a minimal CD but it only for a Geek-very finicky for a newbies.
Debian has a Mini Version (net Install and Standard) but not easy for a beginner.
Thanks Mepis / Peppermint KEEP UP the Good Work.
It was called AntiX and currently MX.
It is a Mepis Linux derivative.
Thanks guys/Girls at Mepis, please do not terminate this service.
Knoppix has a live CD but hard to find now.
There is Gparted that can be used for partitioning but not for install.
There was DSL-Damn Small Linux only 50 MiB.
There are Finnix, System Rescue,Clonezilla but all these are for guys with knowledge with Linux. 

MultiSystem CD is one of my favorite CDS.
It has Gparted, too.
It comes from France and by pressing F2 one can work in English.
The Graphic utility also gives an option to select language, if you forget to press F2 quick enough.

AVL-Linux-Out

AVL-Linux-Out
Password is here!
Isotester 2016.8.30 version is out.
I tested the 32 bit version.
It is pretty good for Audio and Video Work.
username (not mentioned) is isotster
Password for 64 bits is avl64 and for 32 bits is avl32
Nearly 3 GiB and boots quick.
In my previous (review) testing I said it was slow to boot (64 bit version).
Gparted is there but won't function and asking for authentication!
Enjoy the Linux FUN.
Thanks Guys and Girls from ? Italy I believe.

Monday, September 19, 2016

Rubbish-How to Lose Weight?

This was a comment, I made  at a site giving food advice!

This is all rubbish!
 
Another Food Conspiracy to PROMOTE Meats.
 
Protein causes lot of stress to your Kidneys and Liver.
Excess protein is converted to new cells (it does not make your liver or kidney cells -Unless they are damaged-they have finite number of cells according to body size-not weight).
The only new cells they (excess protein) can make are FAT CELLS!
Above all your URINE will smell badly and your body odour too.
 
Simple Schedule IS;
1. Cut down on starch especially RICE.
One good meal can last 18 hours in an adult NEVER more.
GOOD Breakfast is essential and one more meal anytime it suits YOU (late lunch or very late lunch or dinner)

2. Substitute all Animal FATS (butter, margarine, hydrogenated coconut oil) with Coconut Milk or Oil.
Mind YOU coconut has short chain or Medium Chain Fatty acids.
They do not add your BULK.
 
3. Vigorous exercise make you hungry (EAT more after) and YOU lose your body water and salt.
I do not know any beverage that can replace lost water and salt.
May be coconut water but it has high K+ potassium.
Just walking and doing household work is good enough.
 
4. Mind you mental activity also consume energy.

5. Never try a crash program and plan it over two years and first three months are the most difficult.

Debian 8.6.0-Live DVDs-Now OUT

Debian 8.6.0-Live DVDs-Now OUT
Debian Live DVDs are out now. 
It is 9 months since the demise of the Debian's Ian Murdoch and I dedicate this to him. 
The spirit of the Debian is kept going with his fellow developers. 
Hats off to them.
What I usually do is to boot it and play the card game first.
Booting is smooth, the card game I lost but it was neat arranged. 
Then I go to the web and Firefox fires up well.
Then the next thing I do is write a blog post.
Gparted is missing and Debian guys probably do not want the newbies to erase their hard disk inadvertently.
This is live on Gnome and I downloaded the KDE, too.
It should be as good as Gnome.
Lately I have an affinity for the Gnome.
There is Mate, too and there are Live DVDS for Apple guys/girls, too.

Thank YOU very much Guys/Girls at Debian.
Keep up the Good work!

KDE is nice but bit bulky for my computer, with only 1 GiB of RAM in my 32 bits IBM.
It has PAE for both 32 bit and 64 bits.
It can be installed from the same DVD.
It has latest LibreOffice.
Firefox was bit (with cookies) slow compared to Iceweasle without cookies around.
I prefer the latter as a browser.

Sunday, September 18, 2016

Xtra-PC

Xtra-PC

Xtra-PC is a USB stick running on Linux Base.
It even runs Windows from the stick and if you pay more have storage up to 128 GiB.
Good Work Extra-PC.

Missed in My Conspiracy Book-Food Industry

This was written in 15th of February, 2009 and was hidden in one of my old computers inadvertently.

If YOU believe in American Food advice, not only YOU become Obese, YOU will have GOUT, Heart Disease,Hypertension, Arthritis and Diabetes, all are disabilities, if they do not kill you prematurely..

This is a good one for 'RAVAYA" Readers!

How come a man who is comparatively small has to consume large amount of animal protein for survival?

Majestic elephants are vegetarians and they consume all their proteins from plants.
 

How come a man who is comparatively small has to consume large amount of animal protein for survival?

This is where the WHO has committed a global crime of promoting animal food which wastes over 50 to 75% of grain material that could be better used for human consumption.

(8 Kg (grain) fot 1Kg of meat!
 

They first started the myth with nominating the egg as a reference protein, since it contains all the essential amino acids.
 

Next logical nexus WHO struck was to equate all staple food including rice as inferior in quality in reference to egg protein and then to destroy the Asian Rice cultivation.
 

I will prove that rice is much superior and non-allergenic to all other staple foods in a minute but bear with me for excesses and the excuses.

At the same time with the American help they started promoting the second myth that wheat as the best alternative to rice since its relative quantity of lysine was higher when compared to rice. 


Now with the American help Western Food Industry got a kick start diminishing the Asian wisdom to the back garden.  

With this deliberate ploy to destroy the Rice Industry and all the rice varieties except Uncles Sam's rice which became a house hold name in America.
 

IMF made the previous government of Sri-Lanka to experiment bread making with rice flour mixture knowing very well it would be a failure. 

Wheat flour has the bread making capability because of its gluten content and rice cannot supplement this allergenic food protein. 
 
That is why rice is recommended for infants instead of wheat flour.
 

There was some always a sinister campaign to implicate rice as a poor quality staple food. 

Say this to Japanese they are the only people in this planet who do not believe American propaganda.
 

Now it is time for some facts and a bombshell.
 
African Rice variety has the best Quality Protein comparative to all staple foods including Asian Rice.
 

Thanks to Japan this information is coming from JICA experts and Japan's Genome Project on Rice.

Before I go back to Single Cell Protein from fungi / algae here are some more facts.
 

It is true that the content of protein in rice is 2% less than wheat which is 10%.

In African rice the protein content is as high as 15%.
As a reference protein of egg is numbered arbitrarily as 100.
Please note no animal survives only on eggs.
Animals including humans eat a mixture of foods.
When the food is mixed the correct amino acid balance is achieved automatically.


Rice has 65 amino acid reference value which is more than twice as corn.
 

Wheat has 40 and corn has 30.
 

The quality is actually better for rice.
 

When rice is eaten with other grains (mung and dhal) it makes up 100 without the addition of any animal products.
 

If this is supplemented with milk one gets all the ingredients including calcium without the allergic properties of gluten which causes Coeliac Disease.
If rice meal is supplemented with some ripe banana one gets all what is essential.
If the rice is supplemented with soya one has an excellent combination.
 

It is necessary to mentioned that when WHO published the protein (vary with age and pregnancy) requirement some decades ago, they made some serious mistakes of doing the study on carbohydrate deficient diet that over estimated the protein requirement (this is called the specific dynamic action of food- where protein is wasted as energy).
 

They had to revise their estimates several times since then and when we were students we were given the wrong information (I of course never believed their estimates) and I never became a beef eater to supplement rice.
How the poor supplemented their diet (as Asians) was to eat more rice (provided the energy which spared the good quality protein and gave power and energy for work) or several meals of rice which made good the sufficient amino acid including the lysine.
 

However, supplementing with another grain and plant material was the easy choice for me.
 

My point here is different.

I am writing this here to illustrate that we can produce good quality protein from a single plant cell
Even though we cannot utilize the cellulose we can very well use the plant protein for food.
In fact these experiments were done by oil companies using cheap oil as a substitute some years ago. 

But they never took off the commercial scale due to pressure from beef industry and soya industry. 

There was enough lobbying to object this Single Cell Protein production on safety grounds.
 
I do not intent to go into politics in detail but suffice is to say that these Single Cell Protein were never marketed as human food but only as animal food.